Distal and Proximal – Today’s Science Word
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Distal and Proximal – Today’s Science Word

Have you ever had difficulty describing where something is in relation to others? When scientists discuss where things are on a person or other animal, they also need words to compare.  Two such words are DISTAL and PROXIMAL. Distal means that something is further from either the center of the body or a point of…

The Building Blocks – Today’s Science Word
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The Building Blocks – Today’s Science Word

The most common product of a genetic instruction is the protein.  Proteins are workhorses of the cell, helping reactions to occur and transporting things from one place to another. The building blocks of proteins are AMINO ACIDS.  Amino acids are molecules that can link together like a chain.  On one end is an NH2 (also…

Your Genetic Code Book – Today’s Science Word
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Your Genetic Code Book – Today’s Science Word

Your codebook of DNA holds all the instructions needed to make your cells function.  Each unit of instruction comes in the form of a GENE, a sequence of DNA that encodes for a trait. A given location (also called a locus) on a chromosome is home to a particular gene, which encodes for a particular…

Into your DNA – Today’s Science Word
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Into your DNA – Today’s Science Word

At the very core of making living things work is DNA, which stands for Deoxyribonucleic Acid.  DNA is just a  molecule, made up of different parts held together in a ladder-like structure.  We call this structure a double helix. DNA holds the genetic material that tells our cells how to make all the things we need…